It has been a whirlwind of news when it comes to the Zika virus over this last month and we’ve compiled the top and most relevant points for you here.
To date, there are 2 locally acquired Zika cases through sexual transmission, 2 maternal-to-fetal transmission cases, and 250 travel-related cases in Canada (+45 since last report). The virus is currently not actively transmitting in Canada and is not expected to, due to the unlikeliness of Aedes mosquitoes surviving in Canada.
A Zika outbreak occurred in Singapore in late August and has since surged to over 300 confirmed cases. The CDC has issued a travel advisory to practice enhanced precautions when travelling to this country.
A new study from Rockefeller University found that the Zika virus can also affect adult brain cells in mice, suggesting the potential for Zika to hold long-term neurological implications for adult humans.
New research data has shown that traces of Zika virus can be retained up to a week longer in urine than in blood. As a result, the CDC has recommended that doctors conduct urine tests when checking patients who show Zika infection symptoms.
The biggest Zika news of the month is no doubt the landing of local transmission in the continental US. What does that mean for Canada? As we do every month, we’ve compiled a list of pertinent updates for you below.
Updated as of August 15, 2016
To date, Canada has seen two locally acquired cases of Zika infection through sexual transmission, two maternal-to-fetal cases of transmission, and 205 travel-related cases (+62 since last month). However, there are no documented cases of Zika infections in Canada from local mosquitoes.
The United States has reported its first cases of locally transmitted Zika virus in the continental US. This currently only affects a limited area in South Florida.
The Public Health Agency of Canada has increased travel levels of risk related to Zika Virus from Level 1 to Level 2. As of August 12, 2016, travelers should exercise a high degree of caution when travelling to the Caribbean, Central America and Mexico, South America, Southeast Asia, Ocean Pacific Islands, and limited areas in North America and West Africa. For more details about travel risks and travel health notices, visit the Public Health Agency of Canada.
Another month, another Zika Virus update! See below for the latest new about the virus.
Updated as of July 15, 2016
To date, there is one locally-acquired case of the Zika virus and 143 travel-related cases in Canada (+29 since last month). There are no documented cases of Zika infections in Canada or the continental U.S. from local mosquitoes.
A Utah resident infected with the Zika virus has died, becoming the first Zika-related fatality in the continental U.S. The elderly victim, who had other underlying health conditions, died in late June after traveling to a country where the mosquito-transmitted virus is active. It is currently unclear whether Zika was the cause of the death.
As always, we are happy to address any questions or comments you may have – leave us a note below and we’ll get back to you. Until then, stay tuned on our Facebook, Twitter, or LinkedIn for our next update!
Iridia has always been invested in empowering people to save lives by providing the public with the right tools, education, and resources. But let’s face it. We can’t do it alone. Our communities rely on everyday heroes whose dedication to safety may never reach the spotlight, but who donate their time and resources anyway to make their communities a safer place.
This year, in celebration of Iridia Day (July 7th), we are looking to celebrate the achievements of those who have demonstrated excellence towards public health and safety in their community and provide them with a way to give back more. We have been collecting nominations over the last week and, today, we are proud to present to you the top 3 finalists. Read their stories and vote for who you believe should win the award.
Amanda Ockeloen and Bawn Campbell of the Rotary Club of Bowen Island
The Rotary Club of Bowen Island has started an extensive Community Public Access to Defibrillation Program. This would not have been possible without the two AED Champions who drove this project forward: Bawn Campbell and Amanda Ockeloen. Their dedication to increasing the survival rate of Sudden Cardiac Arrest provided the energy and drive for the Club’s tireless work over the last few years in expanding Bowen Island’s AED program to 8 units. Together with the community, they worked on placing the AEDs, protecting them from the elements with their signature AED Bird Houses, as well as training the community in both CPR and AED use.
Whole Way House
Whole Way House is a Vancouver-based charitable society that serves approximately 85 low-income tenants in the Downtown Eastside. Working with residents transitioning out of homelessness, most of whom struggle with mental illness and/or addiction, can create a high risk environment. As a result, they have worked hard to bring in available safety training to empower and educate their volunteers and residents for emergency situations. Their recent efforts have already enabled peace of mind in one incident where a volunteer helped a resident suffering from a seizure. Whole Way House’s work in furthering the belief that everyone should feel safe in their own home is taking strides in bringing about a culture of health and safety to their Downtown Eastside residents.
YVR – Vancouver International Airport
Vancouver Airport Authority promotes health and safety to employees and travellers alike. They have placed AEDs in accessible and convenient locations across the airport, they actively raise awareness about Sudden Cardiac Arrest, and they provide opportunities for their employees and travellers to learn more about CPR skills. Their AED program has already seen benefits, with multiple lives saved over the last year. And that’s just one of their initiatives. Their heart for health and safety can also be seen in their President’s Award for Safety Excellence program, where employees are encouraged to create innovative safety solutions.
So far, there are no local mosquitoes transmitting the Zika Virus in the continental US or Canada, but there is mounting international concern over the virus as the Rio Olympics draw closer. We’ve compiled the latest updates into bite-sized chunks for you here:
Updated as of June 15, 2016
To date, there is one locally-acquired case of the Zika Virus through sexual transmission and 114 travel-related cases in Canada (+47 since last month). However, there are no documented cases of locally-transmitted Zika infections in Canada or the continental US.
On June 07, 2016, the World Health Organization (WHO) issued new guidelines on preventing sexual transmission of the Zika Virus. They suggest that women in Zika-infested areas should delay pregnancy, citing mounting evidence that sexual transmission of the virus is more common than previously assumed.
The WHO rejected a call to move the Rio Olympics, despite health experts urging the UN agency to take action over concerns that the Games will speed up the spread of the virus.
U.S. health officials and the Center for Disease Control (CDC) plan to send a rapid-response team to any community on the mainland and in Hawaii if the mosquito-borne Zika Virus begins to be transmitted locally. Six states – Florida, Alabama, Arizona, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas – are being watched closely.
While there are still no transmission of the Zika virus from local mosquitoes, researchers have continued working towards understanding the virus. Breakthroughs have occurred in both finding out how the Zika virus can cause microcephaly, as well as developing a low-cost and rapid system for detecting the virus. See below for details of the latest updates:
To date, there is one locally acquired Zika virus case through sexual transmission and sixty-seven travel-related cases in Canada (+21 from last month). There are no documented cases of Zika infections in Canada or the continental U.S. from local mosquitoes.
Scientists from Harvard University’s Wyss Institute have developed a new system to detect the Zika virus in humans: a low-cost, rapid, paper-disc diagnostic tool that screens blood, urine, or saliva samples for specific strains of the virus. A change in colour to purple means that the virus is present, while yellow shows that the sample is free from infection.
Researchers at the University of California San Diego have found that the Zika virus could cause microcephaly by activating TLR3, a molecule that is normally used to defend against invading viruses. In turn, the hyper-activated TLR3 molecules turn off genes that stem cells need to specialize into brain cells and turn on genes that trigger cell suicide. Inhibiting this mechanism has been shown to reduce brain cell damage, which hints at a new possible therapeutic approach to mitigating the effects of prenatal Zika virus infection.
The CDC has confirmed that the Zika virus is a cause of microcephaly. However, there is still no proof of a direct link between the virus and Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). We have summarized the most pertinent updates for you below:
Updated as of April 21, 2016
The CDC has confirmed the Zika virus as a cause of microcephaly. In CDC Director Dr. Tom Frieden’s words, “There is still a lot that we don’t know [about Zika], but there is no longer any doubt that Zika causes microcephaly.”
There are no changes in the CDC guidelines regarding the Zika virus, but pregnant women are discouraged from travelling to any area where the Zika virus is widespread.
The WHO confirmed that sexual contact can spread the Zika virus for at least three weeks after the initial infection. However, the exact period for protected sex remains undefined.
The Zika virus’s association with Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and other severe nervous system disorders has expanded the risk group. While the WHO has reported increased cases of GBS from Brazil, further research is needed to confirm a direct link.
Since the last update, local mosquito transmission has been reported in Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and American Samoa.
To date, there are zero locally acquired and forty-six travel-related Zika virus cases in Canada (+24 since last month). This includes two pregnant women in BC who recently went to a trip in South America and they are currently being closely monitored.
There continues to be a very low probability of Zika virus transmission in Canada, as well as some possible headway being made with finding a vaccine. See below for the latest updates that we have gathered for you.
Updated as of March 24, 2016
There continues to be a very low probability of Zika virus transmission in Canada, as the Public Health Agency of Canada reiterates that the mosquitoes responsible for transmitting the virus are not found in Canada due to our climate.
To date, there are zero locally acquired and thirty-two travel-related Zika virus cases in Canada (+7 since last week)
Ugandan virologists believe Africans have resistance to the Zika virus, as there is no record of Zika health problems when it first emerged in Africa 70 years ago. However, no tests have been done to verify this.
An analysis by Harvard Medical School researchers on surveys in Nigeria, Senegal, and other countries have found individuals with Zika antibodies in their blood samples. Further studies may expedite current vaccination research.
This is the last of our weekly updates, but we’ll have another update for you in a month! For the basics of the Zika virus, including what it is and how it spreads, see our initial Zika blog post. As always, let us know in the comments section if you have any questions or feedback.
The Zika virus is continuing to spread, carried primarily through the Aedes mosquito. While there is still no definitive link between the virus and microcephaly or Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS), efforts are being made to control the mosquito population. Here are the latest updates we have gathered for you.
Updated as of March 17, 2016
The Public Health Agency of Canada expects that the number of Zika virus-infected people will increase, as approximately three million Canadians are expected to travel to Zika-affected countries in 2016.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has granted preliminary approval to release genetically modified Aedes mosquitoes in Florida after determining that there would be no significant impact to human, animal, or plant life from the experiment. Oxitec, the British biotech firm that produced these mosquitoes, has genetically modified them so that the males produce offspring that cannot redproduce.
Currently, there are zero locally acquired and twenty-five travel-related cases of the Zika virus in Canada (+5 since last week)
3 years ago, Iridia Medical was born. As we rebranded from Global Medical Services, we emerged with a refreshed identity and a new set of values that we live and breathe. Today, on our branding anniversary, we would like to give you a glimpse of how we live out our value of Social Responsibility.
Iridia in the Community is an initiative that demonstrates our commitment to social responsibility. This annual initiative provides our employees with the opportunity to give back to and engage with their communities, as well as share with others the causes that are important to them. In December 2015, each employee was provided with $50 to give back to their community however they saw fit. We then requested them to share how they used the money and why they chose that organization.
The videos below give you a sense what our employees are passionate about, as well as what organizations in BC are doing to make the city, the province, and the world a better place.